Configuring and monitoring the T5220 hardware RAID controller

The Sun T5220 comes with a built-in RAID controller, which supports all of the standard RAID levels (0 – 6). Configuring one or more devices to participate in a RAID Configuration is dead simple, since you can use the Solaris raidctl utility. The last T5220 I configured had a root file system that was going to reside on the built-in RAID controller, so I had to boot into single user mode to create my volume. To create a RAID1 volume using the devices c1t0d0 and c1t1d0 (you can get the devices via format or raidctl), you can run raidctl with the “-c” (create raid volume) option, and the names of the disks to mirror:

$ raidctl -c c1t0d0 c1t1d0

Creating RAID volume will destroy all data on spare space of member disks, proceed (yes/no)? yes
/pci@0/pci@0/pci@2/scsi@0 (mpt0):
        Physical disk 0 created.
/pci@0/pci@0/pci@2/scsi@0 (mpt0):
        Physical disk 1 created.
/pci@0/pci@0/pci@2/scsi@0 (mpt0):
        Volume 0 created.
/pci@0/pci@0/pci@2/scsi@0 (mpt0):
        Physical disk (target 1) is |out of sync||online|
/pci@0/pci@0/pci@2/scsi@0 (mpt0):
        Volume 0 is |enabled||degraded|
/pci@0/pci@0/pci@2/scsi@0 (mpt0):
        Volume 0 is |enabled||resyncing||degraded|

I also wanted to be able to use the cache on the RAID controller, which can be enabled using the raidctl “-p” (set property) option:

$ raidctl -p “wp=on” c1t0d0

Once I had a working RAID1 volume, I created a label on the device with fdisk and proceeded to perform a Solaris 10 installation. After the volume synchronized and Solaris was re-installed, I was able to run raidctl with the “-l” option to display the state of the volume:

$ raidctl -l c1t0d0

Volume                  Size    Stripe  Status   Cache  RAID
        Sub                     Size                    Level
c1t0d0                  136.6G  N/A     OPTIMAL  ON     RAID1
                0.0.0   136.6G          GOOD    
                0.1.0   136.6G          GOOD    

The raidctl utility is rather handy, and I created a checklsi script that can be run from cron to check the status of your RAID controllers (from some limited testing it appears FMA doesn’t detect disk faults).

5 thoughts on “Configuring and monitoring the T5220 hardware RAID controller”

  1. Hi,

    Thanks for the tip, we actually dont have the cache turned on. Any advantages/disadvantages with having cache off? I guess it wont be a dramatic change from off to on :)

    Btw, your script checks for “OPTIMAL” and it reports OPTIMAL even if cache is off but if that was the purpose so ok. Otherwise its just put in an extra couple of rows for checking cache OFF.

    Keep up the good work!

  2. Hi,
    Can you confirm that you can create all raid levels without an add on RAID-HBA card? Does the built-in RAID support 5,5e,10 etc?

    Also with just the built-in RAID I think you cannot create more than two RAID devices? Can you verify this?

  3. Hi!

    We are having 2 SAS 146 GB HDD.We had created raid 0 by given command line…
    #raidctl -C “0.2.0 0.3.0” -r 0 -s 272.9g 1024k
    After run this command created raid then not showing the both HDD by this command…
    #railctl -l

    Also in OK prompt

    Please advice…
    How to restore it ?

  4. You state “The Sun T5220 comes with a built-in RAID controller, which supports all of the standard RAID levels (0 – 6). ” This is not necessarily the case. Our T5220 servers all came with the LSI 1068E which only supports RAID levels 0, 1 and 1E

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